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5.11 – Settings

The Settings options allow for customizing some of the configuration settings for a site. They can be accessed from the Settings item on the sidebar menu of the admin area and by default are divided into the following sections:

  • General
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • Discussion
  • Media
  • Permalinks

General

General settings cover the top level configuration of your WordPress website.

general settings 1 general settings 2

It is divided into the following sections:

Site title

Enter the name of your site.

Tagline

This is a short phrase or sentence used to convey the essence of the site. By default WordPress includes “just another WordPress site” as the site’s tagline. The site tagline will be displayed in Google search results for your site.

WordPress Address (URL)

Enter the full URL of the directory containing your WordPress core application files (e.g., wp-config.php, wp-admin, wp-content, and wp-includes). For example, if you installed WordPress into a directory called “blog”, then the WordPress address would be http://example.net/blog (where example.net is your domain). If you installed WordPress into your web root, this address will be the root URL http://example.net. WordPress will trim a slash (/) from the end. If you defined the WP_SITEURL constant in your wp-config.php file, that value will appear in this field and you will not be able to make changes to it from the WordPress administration screen. In most cases, it’s best to leave these URLs alone.

Site Address (URL)

Enter the address you want people to type in their browser to reach your WordPress site. This is the directory where WordPress’s main index.php file is installed. The Site address (URL) is identical to the WordPress address (URL) (above) unless you are giving WordPress its own directory. WordPress will trim a slash (/) from the end. If you defined the WP_HOME constant in your wp-config.php file, that value will appear in this field and you will not be able to make changes to it from the WordPress administration screen. In most cases, it’s best to leave these URLs alone.

E-mail Address

Enter the e-mail address to which you want WordPress to send messages regarding the administration and maintenance of the site.

Membership

Check this checkbox to allow anyone to be able to register an account on the site. In most cases you will want to disable this setting. For discussion forums or membership websites you may want to keep this enabled.

New User Default Role

Select the default Role that is assigned to new users. This Default Role will be assigned to newly registered members or users added via Users > Add New. Valid choices are Administrator, Editor, Author, Contributor, or Subscriber.

Timezone

Select a location with a suitable timezone. Or select one of the Etc GMT settings that represents the number of hours by which your timezone differs from Greenwich Mean Time. Click the Save Changes button and the UTC time and “Local time” will display to confirm the correct Timezone was selected.

Date Format

The format in which to display dates on the front end the site. Click the Save Changes button and the “Output” example below will show the current date in the format entered.

Time Format

The format in which to display times on the front end of the site. Click the Save Changes button and the “Output” example below will show the current time in the format entered.

Week Starts On

Select a preferred start date for WordPress calendars from the drop-down box. Monday is the default setting for this drop-down, meaning a monthly calendar will show Monday in the first column.

Site Language

The WordPress dashboard language.

Click the Save Changes button to ensure any changes you have made to your Settings are saved to your database. Once you click the button, a confirmation text box will appear at the top of the page telling you your settings have been saved.

Writing Settings

These settings apply to writing and publishing content on the site. The top section controls the editor within the WordPress Dashboard, while the rest control external publishing methods.

writing settings

Options are given for formatting and setting the default category and format of posts. The Post via email settings allows you to send an email with new post content for publication on your site. The Update Services section allows that when you publish a new post WordPress will automatically notify the update services listed here.

Reading Settings

These settings effect how visitors read the content of the site.

reading settings

Front Page Displays sets the front page of your site to display the latest posts or one of the pages you’ve created. For a blog displaying the latest posts will be appropriate. If you are creating a static website then a page may be most appropriate.

If you select the front page to display a page then the posts page option allows you to define how your users can access your blog content. In order to make use of this setting you must first create a blank page with the Blog page template.

The next setting defines how many blog posts to display per page, and how many blog posts to display in the syndication feeds. The default value of both these settings is 10. You can also choose whether to display the full text of a post to subscribers or just a summary. The full text option allows your subscribers to read your posts without visiting your website. The summary option forces them to return to your website to read the full post.

The Search Engine Visibility field should remain unchecked unless you are still working on your website and don’t want it included in the search engines. Uncheck this option when your website is ready to be found via search engines like Google.

Discussion Settings

The discussion settings control links to your posts/pages and determine how visitors can interact with the site content.

discussion settings 1 discussion settings 2 discussion settings 3

The ‘Default article settings’ deal with links your site makes to other blogs, links other blogs make to your site and whether to allow people to post comments on new articles or not.

The ‘Other comment settings’ set the guidelines for how people post comments to your site and how those comments are handled.

The ‘Email me whenever’ section sets if you are to be emailed when someone posts a comment or when a comment is held in moderation.

The ‘Before a comment appears’ section sets if an administrator must always approve comments prior to publication and if the comment author must have had a previously approved comment.

The ‘Comment Moderation’ section sets moderation filters so a comment will held in moderation if it contains a certain number of links, specific words, names, URLS, emails or IP.

The ‘Comment Blacklist’ section sets if a comment contains any of the given words in its content, name, URL, e-mail, or IP, it will be marked as spam.

The ‘Avatar’ section enables the display of avatars for people who comment on your site. An avatar is an image that follows you from weblog to weblog appearing beside your name when you comment on avatar enabled sites.

Media Settings

The Media Settings deal with maximum image sizes and uploading files.

media settings

The ‘Image Sizes’ section sets the maximum dimensions of images that are added to the media library. These are the sizes that are used when you are inserting images into your posts and pages.

The Uploading files option allows you to select whether or not your uploads are organized into month and year-based folders.

Permalink Settings

The Permalink Settings allows you to choose your default permalink structure.

permalink settings

Permalinks are the permanent URLs used to link to your content. You can choose from common settings or create custom URL structures.

More information on Settings can be found on the WordPress Codex which served as the source.

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